About My Father:

May 1, 2021


"Three things will last forever—faith, hope, and love — and the greatest of these is love."



Due to my busy schedule, I am unable to

update this official blog until further notice.

(14 November 2021)


Welcome to my website and

thank you very much for checking it out


I seek truth, not attention or publicity or popularity.

I endeavor to read and listen to others as much as I can but take nothing at face value. None of us who are human beings is an infallible god. Those who believe they are 100 % correct are fanatics to be pitied. We must learn from history as much as possible and exercise humility.

Thought of the Week: August 2021

Is Socialism the Best Way to a Peaceful World?

Week August 2-8

                Socialism vs. Capitalism: Debate Between Professors Richard D. Wolff

& Arthur C. Brooks (1:38:44)


Week August 8-15

The Soviet Union and China: Socialist Brothers in Arms or at War?

                The End Of The Sino-Soviet Friendship (43:23 mns.)


Week August 16-22

Vietnam and Cambodia: Socialist Brothers in Arms or at War?

                The Third Indochina War


Week August 23-29

China and Vietnam: Socialist Brothers in Arms or at War?

                CHINA vs. VIETNAM: the New Race of the Century


China vs. Vietnam, 1979: Dr. Xiaoming Zhang



(For Recent Thoughts of the Week, see below)

About My Father

Life can sometimes be full of pain. Let me start by saying that some of the information about my life posted on the Internet is inaccurate. My official date of birth is one and the story about my father is another. He was a great father and an amazing husband. In 2013, my family thought we found him alive after 38 years of separation from him (when he was taken to his execution in1975 under the Khmer Rouge regime). We threw a big party, but then two separate medical tests confirmed that the gentleman was not my father. All of us were totally devastated. My 82-year-old mother still lives in pain with a broken heart. Not a day goes by that I don't think of my beloved father. I still miss him badly, every day. 

      So why do I like to talk about hope, faith, and love? After all, my years as a young boy in the 1970s were marked by war and violence. During the Khmer Rouge reign of terror, I was barely alive. After the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia in 1979, I ran for my life. My mother, my 6 brothers and sisters and I spent 3 years in refugee camps before coming to Canada late in 1982. We started a new life from scratch. I pursued an education with broken English and a few hundred dollars in my bank account but managed to complete my doctorate in Political Science in 1994. I went on to become a professor. One thing that has served me well is my total embrace of the three above principles.

 About My Academic Work 


I have never stopped doing my best, despite the many painful challenges life has brought. So check out my forthcoming books: Peace and Security in Indo-Pacific Asia: IR Perspectives in Context (2021) and Global Public Governance (2022). Also note that the recently published book I co-author with two colleagues at Waseda University (Tokyo) and at Ewha Woman's University (Soul) is titled UN Governance: Peace and Human Security in Cambodia and Timor-Leste (2020).

    My academic, professional, and personal commitment is as follows: seeking to explain and understand social and political phenomena on various levels (global, regional, national, and local), but not to pass too much or harsh judgment on others with whom I might disagree. We need to share our thoughts constructively. Words can either kill or heal.

    When it comes to scholarship or academic issues, I admit that I don't have all the answers to most problems. I don't have all the correct facts when doing analysis. I may commit sins of commission and omission.

   All I can do is doing my best to make my analysis as objective as possible: not allowing my thinking to be ideologically driven and intellectually biased, making sure that my ideas are not clouded by any prejudice or hatred or anger and that my perspectives are conceptually clear, theoretically informed, methodologically sound, as empirically valid as can be - and still open to discussion, dialogue, and debate.

    So please share your good thoughts with me, and I will share mine. I will do my best to respond to your comments(s) as soon as time permits. Feel free to download any of my publications available on this site.      

    None of us can change the world on our own, but each of us can help by planting seeds of greatness in our own lives and the life of someone else. A little and simple seed of life can grow into an awesome living soul and a single spark can get a prairie fire started and spreading.

     For me, life's three greatest seeds are love, hope, and faith. I enjoy the song "Make Me a Channel of Your Peace" and would like to share it with you. Click on the link to your left, and it will play the song for you.

    Through knowledge (scientific, social, political, and spiritual), each of us can do something to lead a beautiful life and help build a better world.

     If you like something that I say on this site, please share it with others and/or forward the following link to them:

Thought of the Week, July 2021

Will China rule the world in the 21st century?

(Week July 4-10)

What Happens When China Becomes Number One? Kishore Mahbubani


(Week July 11-17)

The Chinese Challenge to American Primacy | Kishore Mahbubani


(Week July 18-24)

Has China Won? | Kishore Mahbubani | John Mearsheimer | Tom Switzer


(Week July 25-31)

America Abroad: The United States’ Global Role in the 21st Century:

William Wohlforth

Thought of the Week: June 2021

China's Rise: Peaceful or Unpeaceful?

(June 21-30)

China debate: John Mearsheimer vs. Hugh White


(June 14-20)

A Realist Perspective: China’s Unpeaceful Rise: By John Mearsheimer | Tom Switzer


(June 7-13)

A Liberal Perspective: The Thucydides Trap: Graham Alison



(June 1-6)

A Cultural Pluralist Perspective: What Happens When China Becomes Number One? By Kishore Mahbubani


Thought of the Week: May 2021

(May 24-30)

Can science make sense of everything?

Atheist and Monotheist Answers

Well, you might change your mind!

The God Delusion Debate: Between two world-renowned scientists


(May 17-23)

Do modern comforts make people happy?

Are We Trading Our Happiness for Modern Comforts? As society gets richer, people chase the wrong things. By Arthur C. Brooks (2020).



(May 10-16)

Is science  the only way to truth and happiness?

Critics of the Enlightenment vision have a point. I am not a postmodernist, but postmodernism offers some insight but with a dead end. Link:

My forthcoming book on Peace and Security in Indo-Pacific Asia: IR Perspectives in Context offers a modest critique of postmodernist perspectives.


Peace to you and with warmest regards,




Quick Self-Introduction




  • Canadian.

City and Date of Birth:

  • Phnom Penh.

  • Date of birth (officially incorrect).


Current Positions & Affiliations:

  • Professor of Global Peace & Security Studies;

    • Department of Politics and Public Administration, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada; 

  • Member, Eminent Persons Group, Asian Political and International Studies Association;

  • Fellow of McLaughlin College, York University, Toronto, Canada;

  • Member of an International Country Experts Network on UN Peacekeeping;

  • Distinguished Senior Fellow, the Cambodian Institute for Peace and Cooperation, Phnom Penh;

  • Distinguished Visiting Fellow, Cambodian Development Research Institute, Phnom Penh.


Previous Appointments & Positions:

  • President of Science for Peace, based at the University of Toronto, Canada;

  • Head, Department of Politics and Public Administration; Ryerson University, Toronto;

  • Head, Department of Political Science, University of Winnipeg (Manitoba);

  • Chair, the Advisory and Recruitment Committee for The Manitoba Chair of Global Governance Studies – a joint program between the University of Winnipeg and the University of Manitoba.

  • Professor of International Security, Sophia University, Tokyo (Japan);

  • Canada-ASEAN Fellow, as well as Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (Singapore).


Academic Fields of Expertise and Interest:

  • Global governance and international law;

  • Peace and security in Asia;

  • Democracy studies, with a regional focus on Southeast Asia.


Single-Authored Books:

1. Global Public Governance: Toward World Government? Forthcoming 2022

2. Peace and Security in Indo-Pacific Asia: IR Perspectives in Context. Routledge. Forthcoming 2022.

3. Human Security Studies: Theories, Methods, and Themes. Singapore & Hackensack, NJ  World Scientific


4. Peace and Security in the Asia-Pacific: Theory and Practice. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010.

5. International Democracy Assistance for Peacebuilding: Cambodia and Beyond. Basingstoke and New York:

    Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

6. Intervention and Change in Cambodia: Towards Democracy? NY, Singapore & Thailand: St. Martin Press &

    Institute of Southeast Asian Studies & Silkworm, 2000.

7. Conflict Neutralization in the Cambodia War: From Battlefield to Ballot Box. Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, & New York:      Oxford University Press, 1997.

Co-authored Book:

 1. UN Governance: Peace and Human Security in Cambodia and Timor-Leste. Palgrave Macmillan. 2020. With Dr.           Brendan M. Howe (Professor of International Relations at the Graduate School of International Studies, Ewha               Womans University, Seoul) and Dr. Yuji Uesugi (Professor of Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding at the                     Faculty of International Research and Education, Waseda University, Tokyo).


Edited Books & Special Journal Issues:

  1. Human Security after 25 Years. Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 7:2 (2019)​: 161-285.

  2. (With Stein Kuhnle), ‘Human Security After 20 Years’. Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 2:2 (2014): 143-215.

  3. Human Security in East Asia. NY, NY & Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2009: 199 pp.

  4. Cambodia: Change and Continuity in Contemporary Politics. Aldershot, UK: International Library of Social Change in the Asia Pacific, Ashgate, 2000: 596 pp.

  5. (With Amitav Acharya, Pierre Lizée) Cambodia - The 1989 Paris Peace Conference. New York: Kraus International Publishers, 1991: 592 pp


Book Chapters and Journal Articles:

  • A number of them available on this blog site are free for download;

  • More will be uploaded when time permits.


Major Book Projects in Progress:

  • Global Public Governance;

  • Global Criminal Justice  Governance;

  • International Hybrid Criminal Tribunals.


Courses Taught:

  • Introduction to Methods in Political Science

  • Global Governance 

  • Contemporary Security Studies

  • Global Conflict and Peace

  • International Law for Human Protection

  • International Organization and Law

  • Perspectives on Human Security

  • International Human Rights and Human Security 

  • International Criminal Justice Institutions

  • Global Political Economy

  • Regional Security in Asia

  • Peace and Security in Asia

  • Comparative Politics of East Asia

Member of Editorial/Advisory Boards (Publishers)

  • International Relations in Southeast Asia. Politics & International Relations: Book Series. Routledge;

  • Asian Journal of Peacebuilding. Peer-reviewed Academic Journal, Seoul National University Press;

  • Peacebuilding. Peer-reviewed Academic Journal. Taylor & Francis;

  • Asian Politics & Policy. Peer-reviewed Journal. Wiley Blackwell;

  • Asian International Studies Review;

  • Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies. UK: Palgrave Macmillan;

  • Alternate Routes: A Journal of Critical Social Research. Peer-Reviewed Journal, Athabasca U. Press. 


About My Academic Work:

May 7, 2021